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Транскрипция и правила чтения английского языка

Значки транскрипции и их произношение

Гласные

Значок

Пример

Аналогично русскому звуку

Как в русском слове

ʌ

cup, luck

[ а ] — переднее

бал

ɑ:

arm, father

[ а ] — заднее

баня

æ

cat, black

между [ э ] и[ а ]

e

met, bed

[ э ] - закрытое

плед

ə

away, cinema

[ э ] - открытое

этот

ə:

turn, learn

[ ё]

мёд

ɪ

hit, sitting

[ и ] — короткое

лист

i:

see, heat

[ и ] — долгое

ɔ

hot, rock

[ о ] — короткое

дом

ɔ:

call, four

[ о ] — долгое

u

put, could

[ у ] — короткое

стул

u:

blue, food

[ у ] — долгое

five, eye

[ ай ]

au

now, out

[ ау ]

say, eight

[ эй ]

əu

go, home

[ оу ]

ɔɪ

boy, join

[ ой ]

ɛə

where, air

[ эа ]

ɪə

near, here

[ иэ ]

tourist

[ уэ ]


Согласные


Значок

Пример

Аналогично русскому звуку

Как в русском слове

b

bad

[ б ]

брат

d

did

[ д ]

дом

f

find

[ ф ]

финик

g

give

[ г ]

гиря

h

how

[ х ]

хаос

j

yellow

[ й ]

йод

k

cat

[ к ]

крот

l

little

[ л ]

лиса

m

man

[ м ]

мир

n

no

[ н ]

нос

ŋ

sing

[ нг ]

митинг

p

pet

[ п ]

перо

r

red

[ р ]

рост

s

sun

[ с ]

сила

ʃ

she

[ ш ]

шина

t

tea

[ т ]

термос

check

[ ч ]

число

θ

think

[ с ] межзубное

ð

this

[ з ] межзубное

v

voice

[ в ]

воск

w

wet

[ уэ ]

Уэльс

z

zoo

[ з ]

зима

ʒ

pleasure

[ ж ]

жара

just

[ дж ]

джинсы



Наверх

Правила чтения

Гласные


Буква

Тип слога (в конце слова)

I. открытый

II. закрытый

III. закрытый на r

IV. открытый + r

гласная

согласная

Согласная + r

гласная +r +e (+ согласная)

А а

[ei] take

[æ] cat

[ɑ:] car

[ɛə] care

O o

[au] rose

[ɔ] dog

[ɔ:] for

[ɔ: ] more

U u

[ju:] use

[ʌ] cup

[ə: ] fur

[uə] sure

E e

[i:] Pete

[e ] pet

[ə: ] her

[ɪə] here

I i / Y y

[ai] Mike, fly

[l] pig

[ə:] sir

[ aɪə ] tyre

Гласные буквосочетания

oo

[u]

look, book, cook, good, foot

[u:]

pool, school, Zoo, too

ee

[i:]

see, bee, tree, three, meet

ea

BUT:

[i:]

tea, meet, eat, read, speak, clean, please

[e]

bread, head, breakfast, healthy

ay

[ei]

away, play, say, may, today

ey

grey, they

Согласные буквосочетания

ck

[ k ]

black, stick

ng

[ŋ]

sing, bring, ring, reading

sh

[ʃ]

she, shop, fish

ph

[ f ]

phone, photograph

[ v ]

nephew

th

[ð]

this, that, the

[θ]

thank, thick

[t ]

Thames

wh
but

[ w ]

when, white, why

[ h ]

Who

kn

[ n ]

know, knife

wr

[ r ]

write, wrong

gh

[ f ]

enough

[ - ]

high

gn

[ n ]

sign

ss

[ s ]

possible

[ʃ]

pressure

sc

[ sk ]

screen

[ s ]

scene

nk

[ŋk ]

think

ch

[ tʃ ]

chess

[ k ]

chemistry

[ʃ]

machine

tch

[ tʃ ]

match

qu

[ kw ]

question



Чтение букв С и G перед гласными e i y

c

[ s ]

city, pencil, nice

g

[dʒ]

large, orange, page

Наверх

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My translations